Abstract Content

Each abstract must include the 6 elements: title, author names with professional affiliations, background, methods, results, and conclusions. Abstracts may also include 1 table or 1 figure. In addition, the submitting author must provide the following information: whether the abstract has been previously published or presented and if so, where; the abstract category; and 2 to 5 keywords. These elements are described further below.


English, Turkish, Russian, Arabic

Character Allowances

Section headings (ie, Background, Methods, Results, and Conclusions), are not included in the abstract body character count. Do not include these headings in the body of the submitted text. Please use the counters on the abstract submission page to track your character count.

Character limits are as follows:

  • Title: Up to 85 characters, including spaces.

  • Body: Up to 500 characters.

  • Tables: Suggested maximum size is 8 columns x 12 rows; table characters are not included in the cumulative character count.

  • Times New Roman, 12 point


The abstract title should be concise and clearly convey the subject of the abstract.

  • Maximum length: 85 characters, including spaces.

  • Style: Titles should be in all upper case letters.


Author Names and Affiliations

 Up to 10 authors may be included on each abstract, (including a research team or group, if applicable). If you wish to include the name of a research team or group as the 10th author, follow the instructions on the abstract submission form. Please DO NOT enter the names of additional individual authors in the research group field.


 Author Affiliations: Indicate each author’s professional affiliation by selecting the institution from the list provided in the abstract submission system. The list may be filtered beginning with the first word of the institution name. In general, the list does not use abbreviations for institutions, although there are some exceptions (eg, CDC, US CDC, NIH, CHU, and INSERM are used as abbreviations). Department names and school names are not used unless they are part of the institution name (eg, San Francisco Department of Public Health).


Briefly and clearly describe the hypothesis of the study. Why was the study conducted?


Detail the experimental methods and processes employed in the study. What did you do?


Describe the precise findings of the study; promises of results “to be determined” are not acceptable. Describe what you found and include data.


Describe logically sound conclusions and reliable inferences drawn from the study results. Why are the study’s findings important?

Table or Figure

Each abstract may contain 1 table or 1 figure. Characters and labels within a table or figure do not count toward the character limit for abstract content.

  • To add a table: Create the table in a word processing program (eg, MS Word) and save it as an image (.jpg, .gif, or .png). Use the Image or Table upload utility within the abstract system to upload the image of the table

  • To add a figure: Save an image of your figure (.gif, .jpg, or .png file) and upload it during the abstract submission process. The image must be legible at the maximum printed size of 4 inches x 6 inches with either vertical or horizontal orientation.